Key concept : VR Stage 22

VR Stage 22: Key Concept

In the sentence below, one word completes the sentence

Find the one word that completes the sentence and rhymes with the word in CAPITAL LETTERS.

  • TOAD The lorry was carrying a heavy

SOLUTION

STEPS: Step 1: Always read the sntence

Step 2: The missing word must rhyme with the word ‘toad’ which has been written in capitals

Step 3: Remember that when words rhyme they have word endings that sound similar and so think of the what the lorry could be carrying

  POSSIBLE THINGS THAT THE LORRY COULD BE CARRYING: goods

Step 4: Think of the synonyms of ‘goods’

SYNONYMS OF ‘goods’ : Cargo,   freight, freightage, pack , bundle, parcel, bale, consignment, delivery ,shipment , batch, goods , load

Answer: Load.’ Load’ has a word ending with ‘ Toad’ and thy also rhyme

You are advised to use a dictionary or the internet to search and be aware of most the synonyms of the words that you were possibly thinking of .

Key Concept: VR Type 2

Key Concept: VR Type 2

 

VR Type 2: Key Questions:

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M  N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

 
Case One:
 If you are asked to find the Code, count from Word to Code.
Example:
 If the code for MAN is OCP. What is the code for the word PEN?
  • You are asked to find the code. Therefore, count from word to code.
  • M to O = 2 steps forward; A to C = 2 steps forward; N to P = 2 steps forward.
  • Similarly, the code for the word PEN = RGP.

Case Two:

If you are asked to find the Word, count from Code to Word.

Example:

 If the code for MAN is OCP. What is the word for the code VGP?

  • You are asked to find the word. Therefore, count from code to word.
  • O to M = 2 steps back; C to A = 2 steps back; P to N = 2 steps back.
  • Similarly, the word for
    the code VGP = TEN.

Letter Code: VR 2

VR Type 2:  Letter code

In VR Type 2, you will be given a Word and the Code. You will then be given another Word to find the Code. Sometimes, the question could be the other way round; you could be given a Code to find the corresponding word.
In some tricky questions, the letters can be mirror images. Like in VR Type 1, we could be counting forward or backward in steps of 0, 1, 2, 3, etc. The Code or Word could also be a subset of another Word or Code, e.g. STAMP is a subset of POSTMAN. This means that STAMP can be
formed from the POSTMAN. In some cases, the Word/Code can be mirrored letters, like in VR Type 1.

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S    T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Example 1:

If the code for CAT is DBU.

What is the code for FAT?  The Alphabets have been provided to help you.

Solution: It is much easier if you put the word and the code in a table, then spot the pattern.

Word C A T
Code D B U

You can see that each letter of the Word has moved one step right to obtain the Code.

Answer: Similarly, the code for FAT is GBU.


A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Example 2: 

If the code for CAT is DBU.  What is the Word for the Code GBU?

Solution: If you are asked to find the Word when the code is given, you have to do the reverse.

Rather than starting from the Word, you have to start and move from the Code to the Word. In this case, move each letter of the Code
one step back to find the Word.

Answer: Hence, the Word for the code GBU is FAT

Learning Objectives: VR 2

VR Type 2: Coded Letter Sequence

 
Learning Objectives:
  • Understand the sequence and positions of the alphabets
  • How to find the ‘Code’ when the ‘Word’ is known
  • How to find the ‘Word’ when the ‘Code’ is known
Success Criteria:
  • Study the materials with the full understanding
  • Write down important concepts in your book
  • Watch the video tutorials several times
  • Pass VR Type 2 Practice Test
  • Pass VR Type 2 Assessment Test

Mirror Image Letters: VR Type 1

Key Concept

Mirror Image Letters:

The ‘mirror image’ of a letter is found by writing the alphabets in reverse order.

So that the mirror of letter A becomes Z; B becomes Y; C becomes X and so on.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A

Series VR Type 1

VR Type 1: Letter Series

In VR Type 1, you will be asked to complete the letter series. In order to answer the questions correctly, you must be familiar with the sequence of the alphabets and the mirror image of each alphabet. The main logic is that, in most cases, the first and the second letters of each term have different rules. The answers may be obtained by counting forward, backward, or in steps of: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,…. 

Example 1:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Complete the letter series:   BQ            CQ            DP            EP            FO            ?

Explanation:

The rule for the first letters is that it increases one step each time. While the rule for the second letter is that it repeats itself, then decreases by one each time.

Answer: 

GO

Objectives: VR Type 1

VR Type 1: Letter Series

 
Learning Objectives:
  • Understand the sequence and positions of the alphabets
  • How to complete the Letter Series using rules
  • Understand what is meant by ‘Mirrored Letters’
Success Criteria:
  • Study the materials with the full understanding
  • Write down important concepts in your book
  • Watch the video tutorials several times
  • Pass the VR Type 1 Practice Test
  • Pass the VR Type 1 Assessment Test

VR GLA: Tests 1-5

 Verbal reasoning GLA testVR GLA 10 Minutes Tests 1 to 5

PASS MARK:  80%

INSTRUCTIONS:

  1. Get this book out
  2. Attempt Test 1 to Test 5
  3. 10 minutes per test, total is 50 minutes
  4. Use a timer or a clock to time yourself
  5. Get an adult to mark it for you using the Answer Booklet
  6. You could also mark it yourself if there is no adult available
  7. Be very honest and don’t cheat, because you will be deceiving yourself.
  8. The adult or you should indicate the correct letter of any answer you missed
  9. Go through the answers to the questions you missed. Ensure you understand why
  10. The explanation to each answer is available in the Answer Booklet
  11. DO NOT write on the textbook itself. Write in a separate book.
  12. Record your score in the Progress Chart at the back of the book.